Saturday, April 24, 2021

Chapped Lips–Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Chapped Lips–Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Chapped lips is a condition where in the lips get dry and results in the occurrence of cracks. Chapped lips are very painful and uncomforting. Chronic chapped lips can result due to nutritional deficiency or dehydration. It occurs mainly due to the loss of moisture or water content in the lips. The skin on the lips is a mucous membrane and gets dry pretty often.

The main causes of chapped lips include: excess exposure to sun or wind, allergic reaction to cosmetics, skin infections, biting of lips and deficiency of vitamin B. Smoking and lack of vitamins and minerals also cause chapped lips. Chapped lips may be a result due to certain medications as well. Sometimes badly placed dentures or spicy food causes chapped lips. The most common symptoms include: roughness, dryness, peeling of skin, cracking, and redness of skin, sensitive or tender lips.

There are various tips or techniques to treat chapped lips, such as:

  • Apply lip cream or a balm or petroleum jelly to moisturize the skin.
  • Drink enough water; about 6-8 glasses of water.
  • If you use an air conditioner, keep the air more humid. Or use a humidifier to keep the air in your home humid.
  • Avoid improper dentures.
  • You can also apply greasy products such as vitamin E oil or aloe vera gel.
  • Avoid sun exposure and also avoid smoking.
  • Prepare a home made ointment using 1 tsp each of glycerin, lemon juice and castor oil. Mix them well and apply on your lips at night times. Try the same with a mixture of Vaseline and honey.
  • Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables; include vitamins B and C in your diet.
  • Applying a slice of cucumber on your lips will give you immediate relief from the pain.
  • You can also apply ghee or butter in night times to treat chapped lips.
  • Avoid licking your lips; this will worsen the chapped lips.

Natural treatment of some diseases

Prostate Cancer - Causes And Treatments

Prostate Cancer - Causes And Treatments

The prostate glands are a part of the male reproductive system which is located in front of rectum and below the bladder and it stores the seminal fluid. The male hormones help in the proper functioning like bladder control and normal sexual functioning. The prostate cancer occurs in males and is the most common type of cancer. It cannot be detected in early stages as the symptoms are found in other diseases that are not that much serious. The risk of prostate cancer increases with age. The cancerous cells initially develop in the prostate and later spread to other parts of the body.

The causes for prostate cancer are still not known and researches are being made to detect the causes. However it varies from hormonal imbalance to genetic factors. The symptoms of prostate cancer include frequent urination or difficulty or inability in urinating, pain during ejaculation, burning feeling while urinating, blood in the semen or urine and frequent low-back pain or stiffness in back hips or thighs. Sometimes abdominal pain, weight loss and bone pain also occur.

Never neglect any of the above mentioned symptoms. The prostate cancer cannot be detected in the earlier stages. So it is better to consult your doctor as soon as you find the symptoms in you. The current researches show that it cannot be prevented, however it can be treated. There are various treatments methods that can be opted for treating prostate cancer.

  • The radical prostatectomy is a surgery where the whole gland is removed along with the surrounding tissue if the cancer has not spread out of the prostate glands.
  • The radiotherapy method is used to shrink or eliminate the cancerous cells by radiating X-rays at the prostate glands.
  • The traditional chemotherapy method is not effective on prostate cancer. However there are various drugs being developed using which the cancer can be treated. It can be used if the cancer has not spread out of the prostate glands.
  • The hormone therapy method can be used when the cancer has returned after using other treatments. It normally shrinks or reduces the growth rate of the cancer. It can also be used along with other treatment methods.

By using any of the above mentioned methods, you can be able to treat prostate cancer.

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References

1. Cancer.net

Skin Cancer - Causes and Treatment

Skin Cancer - Causes and Treatment:

Skin cancer is a disease which affects the outer layers of the skin where the cancerous cells occur. The occurrence of skin cancer has become more and more in the past few years maybe due to the depletion of the ozone layer which acts as a shield to the ultraviolet radiations. The main cause of skin cancer is the prolonged exposure of skin to sunlight, especially the ultraviolet radiations of the sun. There are four types of skin cancer namely:

  • Melanoma- a pigmented skin tumor that might become life-threatening.
  • Basal-Cell Carcinoma which is most common and destroys the tissues in the area.
  • Squamous cell Carcinoma is a rare type and this also destroys the tissues.
  • Bowen disease destroys the tissues only in the outer layer of the skin.

The causes of cancer in particular are unknown, but the UV radiations are mainly responsible for skin cancer. There are few risk factors that can increase the possibility of skin cancer in a person, such as fair skin and red or blonde hair, getting sunburns easily, being under the sun in younger age, having many moles or birthmarks, light colored eyes and hereditary factors also contribute to the risk of skin cancer.

The main symptoms of skin cancer include: increase in skin size and thickness, skin tan or discoloration or multicolored, or a mole that changes in texture or color, has irregular skin outline, changes color, causes itchy feeling or bleeds etc.

The way of treating cancer is probably only by the medical treatment. Various factors might be considered by the doctor to treat skin cancer, such as the location, size and the spreading of the cancer. Depending on these factors, there are three types of surgeries namely:

  • Electrodessication or cutterage which scrapes the skin with a curette i.e. a sharp spoon shaped end instrument. Electrodessication is used to control bleeding and kill cancerous cells using electric current from a special machine.
  • Conventional surgery involves the cutting of affected skin along with the healthy cells surrounding it and completely removing it.
  • Moh’s technique involves scraping off thin layers of skin each time till the entire cancerous cells are removed.

There are other types of non surgical treatments such as Cryosurgery, which involves freezing of cancerous cells; laser therapy, uses laser beam to destroy cancerous cells; dermabrasion, removing the top skin layer using a sophisticated machine. The best way to prevent cancer is avoiding long exposure to sunlight.

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Stomach Cancer - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Stomach Cancer:

Stomach cancers are very common and affect many people all around the world. In most of the under developed countries it is still very serious and may even be a cause for death. The stomach cancer is also called as gastric cancer and starts in the stomach and mostly in the layer called mucosa. This type of cancer can grow deeper and affect other layer as well. There are three main types of stomach cancer namely: lymphomas, carcinoid tumors and gastric stromal tumors.

The main cause of stomach cancer is still not known. However, the possible causes for stomach cancer include: genetic factors, dietary factors, presence of the bacteria called helicopter pylori bacterium, smoking and alcohol consumption. The main sy6mptoms of stomach cancer are: heartburns, stomach pain or discomfort in stomach, vomiting sensation, difficulty in swallowing, stomach fullness, loss of weight and appetite and fatigue.

Eat a healthy diet containing fruits and vegetables and avoid smoking in order to prevent stomach cancer. Stomach cancers can be treated using treatment methods such as:

  • Chemotherapy: The drugs are used to kill the cancerous cells. During the treatment process, the drugs used in this method will damage the normal cells as well. A few side effects such as loss of appetite, hair-loss, mouth sores etc. occur during the process.
  • Radiation Therapy: the high energy rays are used in this method to either shrink or kill the cancerous cells. Side effects such as diarrhea, fatigue, vomiting etc. can occur during the treatment process.
  • Surgery: If the cancer is diagnosed in the earlier stages, then surgical method can be used to treat cancer. If the cancer has not spread, then the affected part will be surgically removed. If the cancer is spreading, then this method cannot be used.

Throat Cancer - Causes and Treatment

Throat Cancer:

Throat cancer is the formation of cancerous cells in the tissues of pharynx. The cancer affects various parts that include cancer to the nasopharynx, oropharynx and hypopharynx. Sometimes the larynx or the voice box also gets affected by cancer. Throat cancer is also called as pharyngeal cancer.

The various causes for throat cancer include: excessive consumption of alcohol and tobacco, smoking, inhaling coal and diesel fumes. Exposure to ultra violet rays and abnormal tissue growth also causes throat cancer. The common symptoms include: sore throat, hoarseness in voice, swelling in neck and thickness of cheek, difficulty in swallowing food, weight loss, pain and numbness in mouth, cough sometimes accompanied with blood, lumps or white or red patches in mouth, bad breath and loosened teeth.

The treatment method depends on the type and severity of the cancer. The various treatment options available for treating cancer are:

  • Surgery: Doctors remove the tumors if it has not grown and the operation may be extensive if the tumor is spreading to the surrounding tissues.
  • Radiation therapy: It uses x-rays to destroy the cancerous cells.
  • Chemotherapy: this method of treatment uses various drugs for the destruction of the cancer causing cells.

The above mentioned methods can be used separately of a combination of the methods will be applied depending on the type and severity of the throat cancer. Limit the exposure to sun light and consume fruits and vegetables in excess while treating cancer.

The various complications occur in case of throat cancer, such as: obstruction of the airway, loss of voice, hardening of the skin around the neck, disfigurement of the neck and face. The cancer might spread to other places of the body as well.

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Wednesday, April 21, 2021

How to Prevent Dandruff Naturally

Most of the people today are affected by dandruff. It is an unpleasant, unattractive reminder of an unhealthy scalp. Dandruff is the most common skin problem that affects the scalp. It is easy to get it and it is equally easy to get rid of dandruff as well. The anti dandruff shampoos are least affective when you want to keep dandruff at bay permanently. The most effective and efficient way of preventing dandruff is the natural method. There are a lot of natural remedies or treatments which are used to fight dandruff.

Fortunately or unfortunately the exact cause for dandruff is still not known. Certain measures can be taken to prevent dandruff, such as: less usage of hair products, eating a healthy diet that contains some healthy fats, washing the hair regularly, using a proper shampoo that is designed to fight dandruff, be familiar with the ingredients used in the shampoos and so on.

The dandruff can be prevented naturally and the various methods of prevention include:

  • Massage your hair with Olive Oil or Almond oil which contains vitamin E in large quantity that nourishes your scalp.
  • Aloe Vera is highly effective against itchy scalp and dandruff. Massage your scalp with Aloe Vera gel and leave it for 15 minutes before taking a bath.
  • Tea tree oil has anti fungal and anti bacterial properties that might clean up the dandruff within a week’s time.
  • Prepare a solution of bashed yogurt and camphor or a few drops of lime and apply it to the scalp and leave it for 15 minutes before taking a bath.
  • Soak fenugreek seeds in water overnight and apply it to your scalp and rinse it.
  • Another effective remedy is applying freshly squeezed onion juice to the scalp.
  • Apple cedar vinegar can be applied to the scalp as it has anti fungal properties.
  • Create a solution of an egg and a tablespoon of water and apply it to your scalp and leave it for 15 minutes before taking a bath.

By following a couple of natural methods for prevention and some precautionary measures, you can be able to avoid or prevent dandruff permanently.

Natural treatment of some diseases

Eczema - Home Remedies

Eczema - Home Remedies:

Eczema is a very annoying skin condition which is also known as dermatitis. It normally results as formation of pustules on the skin. It is just a skin disorder and is very much curable. It involves various types of skin disorders and occurs in infants as well as adults. But it is more serious in infants as the resistance is very less. Sometimes there is discharge of a clear liquid from the infected area.

The various causes include allergies, varicose veins, faulty metabolism, change in weather conditions, nutritional deficiency, failure of the body system to remove toxins etc. The common symptoms include: itchiness, redness, dry or flaky skin, formation of blisters, bumps on forehead and swelling or pain in the affected area. if it occurs in the skin folds, it is intolerable and more severe.

The eczema can be cured in many ways using the natural or home remedies. But consulting your doctor is the best way of treating. A few home remedies include:

  • Apply coconut oil on the affected area. The skin remains soft and hence gives a comforting feeling.
  • A mud pack will also be helpful in treating eczema.
  • Sunbathing will help in destroying the bacteria causing eczema.
  • Prepare a paste using 1tsp or camphor and sandalwood and apply on the affected area.
  • Cold compressing the affected area helps in treating eczema.
  • Prepare a paste of 1tbsp of turmeric powder and bitter neem leaves and apply this on the affected areas.
  • Avoid contact with soaps and other chemicals.
  • Apply spearmint leaves to the affected area. This is a very useful home remedy in treating eczema.
  • Consume food rich in minerals. This helps in healing eczema fast. Also avoid spicy food, radish, cucumber, nuts, ice creams and cold drinks. Consume juices like mange, orange, carrot will help in curing eczema.
  • Use warm water for bathing and use soft towel for drying.
  • Avoid contact with dust and stay in dust-free environment. Keep your surroundings clean and dust-free.

There are many other treatment remedies other than this. These methods are pretty effective and hence can see the results very soon. Follow these remedies in treating eczema.

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Natural treatment of some diseases