Friday, April 16, 2021

HIV/AIDS - Causes and Treatment

HIV/AIDS Causes and Treatment

HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. As the name says, HIV is a virus that causes AIDS. AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. AIDS was considered as an incurable disease till recently, when research showed that it is curable when it is in the earlier stages. AIDS is a condition where the virus affects the immune system and makes it unable to fight illness. The virus breaks down the body’s immune system and makes it difficult to fight the disease.

The main cause for HIV AIDS is the virus HIV, which gets transmitted into the blood through various ways such as: unprotected sexual intercourse with a HIV positive person or from a HIV positive mother to her baby during pregnancy which can be prevented now. It also gets transmitted by sharing the needles during injecting drugs or sharing razor. Remember, it does not transmit in any other way such as touching the person, through cough or sneeze, or any other routine contact in workplace. The symptoms of AIDS include extreme weight loss, fatigue, diarrhea, swelling of glands in neck region, high fever, whitish coating on the tongue or throat, rashes, mental deterioration, shortness of breath along with cough and joint pains and so on.

Once you know the symptoms of HIV, consult your doctor immediately. The HIV-AIDS disease has been incurable. You cannot completely cure the disease. But, you can control the spreading of the virus; you can slow down its growth or even halt its growth. The earlier you report to your doctor and get diagnosed, the lesser is the fatality of the disease. A few medications or treatments are used to treat AIDS; these medications are referred as Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART). These medications are used to control the growth of virus. HAART combines different types of medications such as: Non-nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors, Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors, Protease Inhibitors, and Fusion Inhibitors to treat AIDS.

Prevention is always better than cure. You can prevent AIDS by using condoms during sex, using sterilized needles, use separate razors and do not share it with any person. If you are HIV affected and you are a pregnant, report to your doctor so that the child may be HIV free with certain treatments.


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