Saturday, April 24, 2021

Stomach Cancer - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Stomach Cancer:

Stomach cancers are very common and affect many people all around the world. In most of the under developed countries it is still very serious and may even be a cause for death. The stomach cancer is also called as gastric cancer and starts in the stomach and mostly in the layer called mucosa. This type of cancer can grow deeper and affect other layer as well. There are three main types of stomach cancer namely: lymphomas, carcinoid tumors and gastric stromal tumors.

The main cause of stomach cancer is still not known. However, the possible causes for stomach cancer include: genetic factors, dietary factors, presence of the bacteria called helicopter pylori bacterium, smoking and alcohol consumption. The main sy6mptoms of stomach cancer are: heartburns, stomach pain or discomfort in stomach, vomiting sensation, difficulty in swallowing, stomach fullness, loss of weight and appetite and fatigue.

Eat a healthy diet containing fruits and vegetables and avoid smoking in order to prevent stomach cancer. Stomach cancers can be treated using treatment methods such as:

  • Chemotherapy: The drugs are used to kill the cancerous cells. During the treatment process, the drugs used in this method will damage the normal cells as well. A few side effects such as loss of appetite, hair-loss, mouth sores etc. occur during the process.
  • Radiation Therapy: the high energy rays are used in this method to either shrink or kill the cancerous cells. Side effects such as diarrhea, fatigue, vomiting etc. can occur during the treatment process.
  • Surgery: If the cancer is diagnosed in the earlier stages, then surgical method can be used to treat cancer. If the cancer has not spread, then the affected part will be surgically removed. If the cancer is spreading, then this method cannot be used.


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