Saturday, April 24, 2021

Throat Cancer - Causes and Treatment

Throat Cancer:

Throat cancer is the formation of cancerous cells in the tissues of pharynx. The cancer affects various parts that include cancer to the nasopharynx, oropharynx and hypopharynx. Sometimes the larynx or the voice box also gets affected by cancer. Throat cancer is also called as pharyngeal cancer.

The various causes for throat cancer include: excessive consumption of alcohol and tobacco, smoking, inhaling coal and diesel fumes. Exposure to ultra violet rays and abnormal tissue growth also causes throat cancer. The common symptoms include: sore throat, hoarseness in voice, swelling in neck and thickness of cheek, difficulty in swallowing food, weight loss, pain and numbness in mouth, cough sometimes accompanied with blood, lumps or white or red patches in mouth, bad breath and loosened teeth.

The treatment method depends on the type and severity of the cancer. The various treatment options available for treating cancer are:

  • Surgery: Doctors remove the tumors if it has not grown and the operation may be extensive if the tumor is spreading to the surrounding tissues.
  • Radiation therapy: It uses x-rays to destroy the cancerous cells.
  • Chemotherapy: this method of treatment uses various drugs for the destruction of the cancer causing cells.

The above mentioned methods can be used separately of a combination of the methods will be applied depending on the type and severity of the throat cancer. Limit the exposure to sun light and consume fruits and vegetables in excess while treating cancer.

The various complications occur in case of throat cancer, such as: obstruction of the airway, loss of voice, hardening of the skin around the neck, disfigurement of the neck and face. The cancer might spread to other places of the body as well.

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